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What Does an Interior Designer Do?


An interior designer is professionally trained to create a functional and quality interior environment. Qualified through education, experience and examination, a professional designer can identify, research and creatively resolve issues and lead to a healthy, safe, and comfortable physical environment.


A decorator fashions the "look" of a space and its outward decoration—paint, fabric, furnishings, light fixtures and other materials. In addition to enhancing the total visual environment, an interior designer creates a space that is functional, efficient and safe.

Among the many areas of expertise a professional designer commands are:

  • Space planning and utilization, including organizational and storage needs

  • Long-term project and lifestyle planning

  • National, state and local building codes

  • Safety and accessibility

  • Ergonomics Design for people with special needs

  • Conservation and “green” design

  • Historic restoration

  • Interior detailing of background elements, such as wall and ceiling designs

  • Custom design of furniture, drapery and accessories

  • Selection of appliances, plumbing fixtures and flooring materials

  • Acoustics and sound transmission

  • Audiovisual and communication technology

  • Construction documents and specifications

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